Consider two cities located on separate sides of a mountain. Most likely, residents of these communities would have to circle the mountain to see one another.
However, they could cut straight through the mountain to make a shortcut if they wanted to get there more quickly. A wormhole operates on that principle. A Wormhole is a space between two far-off points in our universe that shortens the distance between them.
Under the correct circumstances, one might hypothetically exploit a Wormhole to reduce the transit time from one galaxy to another to hours or minutes rather than taking many millions of years.
Wormholes are space-time shortcuts, therefore they might even behave like time. Although there is currently no proof that wormholes exist in our universe, they are useful tools for astrophysicists like me to think about space and time.
They might also provide answers to long-standing queries regarding the structure of the cosmos.
Read more: How to create A Wormhole for Time Travel?
The Fascinating Characteristics Of Wormholes
Wormholes are frequently used in science fiction books and films because of their intriguing characteristics. But the concept of wormholes has equally fascinated scientists and writers.
Despite the fact that wormholes have never been discovered in our universe, wormholes are frequently seen in the solutions to significant physics equations. Wormholes feature significantly in the equations that make up Einstein’s theories of space-time and general relativity.
Read more: What happens if you enter a wormhole?
How would Wormholes be affected by gravity?
Every object in the universe is subject to gravity’s steady pull, including Earth. Wormholes would therefore be affected by gravity as well.
According to experts who are suspicious of wormholes, unless there was a force pushing outward from inside the wormhole to offset that force, the middle of the wormhole would eventually collapse under its own gravity after only a short period of time.
The most plausible method for accomplishing it is by harnessing so-called “negative energies,” which would work against gravity and keep the wormhole stable.
However, according to scientific knowledge, negative energy can only be produced in quantities that are far too small to balance a wormhole’s inherent gravity. It’s plausible that the Big Bang produced minute, insignificant wormholes containing trace amounts of harmful energies.
Read more: What did Albert Einstein say about Wormholes?
Are Wormholes Similar to black holes?
Wormholes are intriguing concepts, but mainstream science hasn’t fully embraced them yet. Although black holes, which we astrophysicists know are abundant in our universe, weren’t acknowledged when scientists initially proposed they existed, back in the 1910s, that doesn’t mean they don’t exist.
In 1915, Einstein initially proposed his renowned field equations, and one year later, the German physicist Karl Schwarzschild succeeded in describing black holes mathematically.
The top researchers of the day, however, did not accept the possibility that black holes might genuinely exist in nature because of how strange this description sounded.
In spite of the fact that the term “black hole” wasn’t even invented until 1967, it took society 50 years to begin taking black holes seriously.
Wormholes might experience the same thing. It can take some time for researchers to reach a conclusion about whether or not they are possible.
However, the discovery will alter how scientists view and comprehend the universe if they do find convincing evidence supporting the existence of wormholes.
They may be able to do this by examining peculiar movements in star orbits.
Under the terms of a Creative Commons license, this article was taken from The Conversation. Go through the original article.