How JWST will help to study the Super Massive Black Holes?

It is believed that every galaxy has a massive black hole in its center and so does our Milky Way, but we have little information about it.

What are Super Massive Black Holes?

The farthest black holes, which operate with the greatest power of the brightest torches in the universe, known as quasars, are giants surrounded by equally distant galaxies. In recent decades, scientists have discovered the vastness of the universe and have also identified three quasars each 13 billion years old.

Astronomers say that it can take billions of years to become super massive black holes and formation of galaxies. How could these quasars become so large, with billions of suns, in the first 700 million years of the universe? When you can see beyond the glow, what do the galaxies look like? And what do their “neighborhoods” look like?

Read: NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope Upbeats It’s Optics Milestone

Why Only James Webb Space Telescope Can Help us to Unravel The Mysteries?

The James Webb Space Telescope, the most awaited and dynamic of the space telescopes, can make an acceptable change from its massive cost. After several delays last year, NASA launched the mission for Christmas. The removal of the telescope has now been delayed for ten years, and its cost has risen by nearly $ 9 billion compared to the budget.

Governments and scientists have both expressed concerns that the project is drawing a lot of money from other areas of research, but many other scientists say the Webb is worth both money and time.

Webb has a lot of new advanced technology embedded in its super sensitive lens.

Webb’s sensitivity to infrared light, which incorporates intermediate waves that can only be taken from space and will allow the team of scientists to look at these objects, their 13 billion-year-old light and expanded wavelengths from ultraviolet light and visible light into infrared- light. Webb has unmatchable sensitivity to landscaping, which will expose complex structures to these distant objects.

The team plans to look at and analyze the data on three scales, carefully examining the quasars themselves, studying the stars in the surrounding galaxies after emitting the light of the quasars, and separating nearby galaxies. “These quasars are very special,” explains Bañados, a scientist in the research tram. “That is why we want to provide the best characterization for each quasar with the help from Webb”.

Webb’s vision is inspired by the Hubble Space Telescope, which is a 31-year-old observatory that is famous for its beautiful pictures of our galaxy. But Webb starts where its predecessor fails, says Eric Smith, Webb program scientist and senior scientist at NASA’s Astrophysics Division. There is no telescope like Webb so far, he says. The new viewing area, expected to be introduced from the north of French Guiana near the equator, is a collaborative effort between space agencies in the United States, Europe and Canada.

Also read: James Webb Space Telescope will uncover the brightest Quasar in the early Universe

A Team Leaded Mission For JWST And EHT

Webb will join the efforts of many telescopes to understand the nature of the giant black hole in our galaxy, called the Sagittarius A, whose tendency to shine every hour makes it difficult to photograph.

Webb will be working with the Event Horizon Telescope. EHT, made up of eight ground-based radio telescopes, captured the first black hole image, the M87, back in 2019.

While the M87’s core delivers solid targets, the Sagittarius A shows flashing flames every hour, making the filming process even more difficult, said an official of Webb program. Webb with its infrared lens will help to capture black hole images and region which provides data on when flares are present, which will be an important reference for the EHT group.

In the end, it all depends on our belief that our technology will help to unravel some mysteries of this universe. The James Webb telescope is an advanced telescope and we think that with the Event Horizon Telescope we can solve some strange mysteries of the massive black holes.

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