Our universe is surrounded by many miracles. There are many such fascinating scenes in our universe that are destined to be seen once in several thousand years. We can see some rare sights sitting on the earth. The name of this technology is telescope. Through the telescope, we can see other activities going on in the universe while on Earth; we can see countless planets, galaxies, moons and so on.
The James Webb Space Telescope will be launched after the Hubble Telescope, which will become the best telescope in the world. In today’s article, we will give you complete information about what is the current status of the James Webb Telescope?
James Webb Telescope
James Webb Telescope is such a telescope which will send us many types of information about the events occurring in space such as the origin of new planets, destruction of old planets and birth of new sun, galaxy, etc. sitting on Earth.
We will now have the James Webb Telescope Orbiting Infrared Observatory Telescope. With the help of this telescope, we will also be able to see pictures of the universe shortly after its birth.
The James Webb Telescope, also known as the James Webb Space Telescope, the James Webb, the Webb Telescope, or simply the Webb, is the most expensive space telescope in human history, costing about $10 billion by the time it is launched and is in space. With the help of this telescope, we will be able to see our universe the way it was before the Big Bang.
Features of the James Webb Space telescope
- If we compare the Hubble Telescope and the James Webb Telescope, it will be equivalent to comparing a magnifying glass to a Microscope.
- The James Webb Space Telescope has been built by astrophysicists from NASA Canada Europe.
- This telescope is named after the second head of NASA, whose name was James Webb.
- From 1961 to 1968, James handled NASA’s Space Department and when America’s first person went to space, that mission was also done in supervisory of James Webb.
- James Webb Telescope was first to be launched in 2007, but it did not happen as it was delayed due to many technical reasons. After that there was a news of launching it in March 2021, where it was to be launched on March 21 but could not happen again or again.
- By 2030, the James Webb Telescope, together with the Hubble Telescope, will try to capture all the information about the entire universe that was never possible before today. After 2030, all the responsibility will be on the shoulders of the James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Telescope will be given rest.
- We will be able to know about the density of planets with the help of James Webb Space Telescope. You will be able to know about the processes of formation of their environment. Along with this, we will also be able to find out “if there is life anywhere” in the universe.
- With the help of the James Webb Space Telescope, we will be able to get complete information about the atmosphere of more than 300 different types of exoplanets.
- The James Webb Space Telescope will investigate the thermal radiation of various planets located in space as it is an orbiting infrared observatory in itself.
- Whenever an object such as a liquid, solid or gas is heated to a certain extent, it releases its energy in the form of infrared spectrum and that infrared spectrum will be investigated by the James Webb Space Telescope.
- The James Webb Space Telescope is a sensitive telescope that will detect cold exoplanets and exoplanets whose temperature will be up to 27 degree Celsius.
- Its most important feature will be that this telescope will orbit around the Sun and not orbit around the Earth like the Hubble Telescope.
- The James Webb Space Telescope’s distance from Earth will be about 1.5 million kilometers away from Earth.
Structure of the James Webb Space telescope
- The Hubble Telescope weighs 11 tons and the James Webb Space Telescope weighs 6.2 tons.
- The size of the James Webb Space Telescope predecessor is bigger than a tennis court.
- Its height is almost as much as a 3-storey building. The diameter of the James Telescope is about 6.5 meters. The diameter of the Hubble Telescope is 2.4 meters.
- When the James Webb Space Telescope is launched, it will be folded. Beryllium has been used to make its giant mirror, which keeps the telescope handy even at low temperatures. The main and front part of its mirror is covered with gold of about 48.25 grams and this layer is 100 nano-meters thick.
- Due to beryllium, the telescope mirror will be absolutely safe up to 230° C.
- This telescope has a near-infrared camera which will give us information about the oldest stars in the entire universe and the planets inhabiting it.
- A near-infrared spectrograph is installed in this telescope, which will give us information about the physical and chemical properties of any object in the universe.
- One of the most important parts of it is MERE mid-infrared instrument. With the help of this instrument, we can see the stars being born.
- It will also have a fine guided sensor which will take care that we do not find any defects in any type of pictures. We got pictures of exactly the quality we want to see. Be it any kind of picture in the universe.
Objective of the James Webb Space Telescope
We can expect from the James Webb Space Telescope that it will show us the picture of the universe as it might have been 100 or 200 million years after its birth. It will not be like time travel at all. But with its help, we will be able to understand the way the planets are formed, the universe opens up and its expansion.
It will also help our scientists to understand how the universe comes into existence. Apart from this, it will also help us that why is the universe as it is today and for what reason. What would have been the process behind making it. We will get all this information with the help of James Webb Space Telescope.
When will JWST launch
After being delayed 2 times, now the announcement has been made to launch the James Webb Space Telescope back on 18 December. NASA will send the James Webb Space Telescope into space by Ariane-5rocket, which is a European launch vehicle. This launch will be done from the Guiana Space Center, it has cost 10 billion dollars to make this telescope.
About the Hubble telescope
- The Hubble Telescope also sent us pictures of many stars and stars, some of these stars were such that were formed after about 380 million years after the Big-Bang and the Big Bang happened about 13.7 billion years ago. Maybe the star we see today, they may have ended thousands of years ago, but today we are seeing only their light.
- The Hubble Telescope is located at an altitude of about 570 km from the Earth and it is orbiting the Earth from an altitude of 570 km.
- Since the time the Hubble Telescope was launched in 1990, it has provided us more than 10 million images of space. In which it has provided us pictures of thousands of stars, satellites, nebulae, moons, galaxies etc.
- A galaxy was discovered by the Hubble Telescope, named UDFJ-39546284. This galaxy is only 13.4 billion light years away from Earth.
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Today we learned what the James Webb Space Telescope is and how it works. From its specialty, we also got information about its structure and its launch. We learned that when the James Webb Space Telescope is launched, it will change the way we look at the universe. We hope that you have liked the information provided by us.
Q. What is the James Webb Space Telescope?
Ans- The James Webb Space Telescope, also known as Webb, is a very large space-based observatory, which is optimized for infrared wavelength. With its help, the goal of scientists is to see the universe at the time when it was born. This telescope is a successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, or to be said, an advanced replacement.
Q. Why is James Webb space telescope is a infrared telescope?
Ans- The James Webb Space Telescope is an infrared telescope because it investigates the planet’s temperature in the universe by using its infrared camera to learn about their composition, the temperature of their planets, and the densities of those planets, including the elements used in the planet’s structure and the process of their formation. I will get all the information.
Q. Will James Webb Space Telescope Get Good Images?
Ans- Yes absolutely! With the help of the James Webb Space Telescope, we will get a classy high definition image. Such pictures would probably never have been made till date.
Q. What is the target of the Webb telescope?
Ans- The goal of the Webb telescope is to understand the process of formation of the universe. One of its purposes is also to take pictures of only 100 or 200 million years after the birth of the universe.
Q. Is James Webb better than Hubble?
Ans- Yes! The James Webb Space Telescope is a much better telescope than the Hubble Space Telescope. It can be called a very advanced version of the Hubble Space Telescope. The Hubble Telescope was being used to get pictures of space and information related to the events that happened there. At the same time, with the help of the James Webb Space Telescope, taking pictures of the universe before the Big-Bang will also be an objective.
Q. Is the James Webb Telescope Done?
Ans- The work of the James Webb Space Telescope has been completed. Its confirmation has been given by NASA itself.
Q. Is the Hubble Telescope Still in Space?
Ans- Yes absolutely! The Hubble Telescope is still in space and after the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, both the Hubble Telescope and the James Webb Space Telescope will work together until 2030, and the Hubble Telescope will be put to rest after 2030.