In the last 72 years, Arab and Israel fought 3 war, but now it seems like Arab countries are ready to accept to Israel. Let us see in detail, the history and the current scenario. In 1948, the creation of Israel and exodus of Palestine resulted into Arab and Israel conflict.
How Israel became a nation on Arab land?
Before 1948, there was nothing called Israel or any Jews nation. But Zionist Jews claimed that the creation of Israel is their birthright.
Many scholars know about Israel’s ancient history that comes from the Hebrew Bible. According to the text, Israel’s origins can be traced, back to Abraham, who is considered the father of both Judaism and Islam. The first holy temple established during ancient Jerusalem around 931 BC.
Around 722 BC, the Assyrian invaded and destroyed the kingdom of Israel. In 568 BC, Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the first temple, later replaced by a second temple. Later for many centuries, the land of modern-day Israel was ruled by various groups, including Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arab, Turks.
Arab conquered Jerusalem in the 7th century. Until then, crusaders Christians ruled Jerusalem for a short period. Otherwise, till the 1920s, it was ruled by Muslims.
World war changed the geopolitical landscape in the middle east. Allies power captured most of the Ottoman territories. In 1917, at the height of war British foreign secretary Arthur James Balfour submitted a letter of intent supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. This accord is known as the Balfour Declaration.
In 1918, with allied victory, the 400-year-old ottoman empire ended, and the British took control of Palestine and Jordan. Arabs opposed the Balfour Declaration, concerned that the Jewish homeland would mean subjugation of Arab. In 1947, the British controlled Palestine until the creation of Israel.
1948 Arab – Israel war.
The war broke out when five Arab nations, Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, invaded the region on the announcement of an independent Israel. But Arabs lost the war which caused the exodus of 700,000 Palestinian people of which, many were killed, and thousands of people became a refugee in Syria and Lebanon.
We can understand that when the British left, middle East Israel had an official well-trained army supported by a Western country. But in 1948, Arabs were weak in terms of the military and Muslim countries were divided into a nation, and eventually, there was no central power of Muslims. But this wasn’t the end of the war. Since then, there were numerous wars and acts of violence between Arab and Jews. Arabs lost most of the war and Israeli captured most of Palestine land.
The present situation of Palestine under Israel occupation.
Before the 1967 war, Jerusalem was divided into two parts, one controlled by Israel and another by Jordan. But in 1967, Arab couldn’t defeat Israel, and Israeli military occupied whole Jerusalem. Total 3,316 Palestinians, including women and children, were killed by Israeli force in the occupied west band. Israel blockade of Gaza strip caused a humanitarian crisis.
Gaza paid a high price during 2014.
In recent history, Israel launched one of its deadliest military offence against Gaza strip. The conflict left 2,251 people dead, and most of them are civilians, including children and women. School, hospitals, and residential homes faced Israeli airstrike. Throughout the 51-day onslaught, the Gaza strip absorbed 6,000 airstrikes, 14,500 tank shells and more than
35,000 artillery rounds. According to UN figures, many human rights group condemn Israel action. But it doesn’t end here.
In 2018, Palestinians have been holding almost daily demonstrations, along Gaza Israel buffer zone to which Israeli troops have responded with excessive force. Protests demand the right to return to their homes and villages in historical Palestine. In 1948, they also demanded an end of Israel’s 12-year blockade of the Gaza strip which destroyed Gaza economy and trapped 2 million people in a small land.
Egypt – Israel peace deal.
After the 1967 war, known as a six-day war, Egypt was defeated by Israel, and Israel captured Sinai peninsula. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visited Israel in 1977, after intense negotiation, 16 months later, a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel was signed.
The main features of the treaty were mutual recognition, cessation of the state of war that existed since 1948 Arab – Israeli, also Egypt demanded the withdrawal of Israeli army from Sinai peninsula, Israel demand free passage of Israel ship through the
Suez Canal and recognition of the strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways.
Egypt was the first Arab nation which officially recognized Israel. The treaty received controversy across the Arab world where it was condemned and considered a stab in the back.
In 1993, Israel and the Palestine liberation organization signed the declaration of principles, which aimed to resolve the Israeli- Palestinian conflict peacefully. But this accord failed due to some reason. This deal was designed as a confidence-building measure, to create trust between Israel and Palestinians, and to bring peace to that region. Yet less than a decade, after those accords were signed, the region is suffering till date.
Other Arab states always condemned Israel militarily for human rights abuse, but during the recent years, after the Israel Prime minister visited Oman, many Arab and Muslim countries condemned. But, now Arab and Israel started diplomatic relation. During the recent year, many sources confirmed that some Arab states are normalizing relations with Israel. Last year Israel diplomat visited UAE indicates that Arab countries are ready to accept Israel.
In recent days, UAE made a deal with Israel that shocked Palestinian leaders and their people. After UAE, Bahrain also started diplomatic relation with Israel. The main loser is in this deal is Iran. Some expert indicates that because of the threat of Iran, the Arab Gulf nation is moving towards Israel.
Iran is a Shia majority country. After the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Middle East Muslim countries are dividing into two-state. All diplomatic relations were cut-off with a monarch Arab state. The directly increasing Arab’s fear of Iran is running proxy forces across the middle east from Iraq to Syria, and Yemen.
Syria war and the role of Iran.
In 2011, after the Arab Spring, most Arab governments fell, and the Syria war broke out, the USA and Arab states support rebel groups, but Iran supports Syria President Asad.
The main reason to hold the Syrian regime in place and to keep its influence was that the gulf Arab monarch wants the opposite. The interaction between Hezbollah fighters, the pro-Al-Assad, regime acting under the orders of Iran, and the opposite side is free Syrian army, supported financially and the military by the Gulf countries.
It appears clear in the middle east that the crisis reflects war between two regional rivals. Many Arab countries face a political crisis, just like in Yemen. After Arab Spring, protestors turn towards Houthi rebels which were supported by Iran. Saudi and UAE failed to defeat the Houthis.
This conflict led to a humanitarian disaster, the persistence of Jihadist groups like Al-Qaida in the Arabian peninsula and over 100,000 casualties. Houthis Rebels fired many ballistics missiles toward Saudi Arabia. The most brutal missile attack was the oil refinery attack, which damaged 5% crude oil rate of the world.
There was no relation with Israel, but Iran’s threat makes a geopolitical shift. Palestinian president Mahmud Abas said that this deal is anti-Arab and Palestinian even took part in this deal. Israel president tweeted that as a historic day. Before the UAE, only two Arab countries agree with Israel.
Doland Trump said to the press that the mirror is now clean and indicate that many
other Arab countries will start diplomatic ties with Israel.
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